Publications

Peer-Reviewed Articles and Book Chapters
  1. Yi, F., Axelbaum, R.L. “Oxy-combustion of low-volatility liquid fuel with high water contentEnergy & Fuels, 29(2), 1137-1142, 2015.
  2. Krishnan, S., Kumfer, B. M., Wu, W., Li, J., Nehorai, A., and Axelbaum, R. L. “An Approach to Thermocouple Measurements That Reduces Uncertainties in High-Temperature EnvironmentsEnergy & Fuels, 29(5), 3446-3455, 2015.
  3. Gopan, A., Kumfer, B. M., and Axelbaum, R. L. “Effect of operating pressure and fuel moisture on net plant efficiency of a staged, pressurized oxy-combustion power plantInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 39, 390-396, 2015.
  4. Yi, F., Gopan, A., and Axelbaum, R. L. “Characterization of coal water slurry prepared for PRB coalJournal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, 42(10), 1167-1171, 2014.
  5. Lengyel, M., Zhang, X., Atlas, G., Bretscher, H.L., Axelbaum, R.L. “Composition optimization of layered lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide materials synthesized via ultrasonic spray pyrolysisJournal of Electrochemical Society, 161 (9), A1338-A1349, 2014.
  6. Yi, F., Axelbaum, R.L., “Utilizing preferential vaporization to enhance the stability of spray combustion for high water content fuels” Combustion and Flame, 161, 2008-2014, 2014.
  7. Lengyel, M., Elhassid, D., Atlas, G., Moller, W.T., Axelbaum, R.L. “Development of a scalable spray pyrolysis process for the production of non-hollow battery materialsJournal of Power Sources, 266, 175-178, 2014.
  8. Lengyel, M., Atlas, G., Elhassid, D., Zhang, X., Belharouak, I., Axelbaum, R. L. “Effects of lithium content and surface area on the electrochemical performance of Li2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161 (6), A1023-A1031, 2014.
  9. Gopan, A., Kumfer, B., Phillips, J., Thimsen, D., Smith, R., Axelbaum, R.L., “Process design and performance analysis of a staged, pressurized oxy-combustion (SPOC) power plant for carbon captureApplied Energy, 125, 179-188, 2014.
  10. Lengyel, M., Atlas, G., Elhassid, D., Luo, P.Y., Zhang, X., Belharouak, I., Axelbaum, R.L., “Effects of synthesis conditions on the electrochemical properties of Li2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 prepared by spray pyrolysis”, Journal of Power Sources, 262, 286-296, 2014.
  11. Zhang, X., Lengyel, M., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Nanostructured high-energy xLi2MnO3•(1-x)LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.6) cathode materials,” AIChE Journal, 60(2), 443-450, 2014.
  12. Holtmeyer, M.L., Li, G., Kumfer, B., Li, S., and Axelbaum, R. “The impact of biomass fuels on the volatile flame length during cofiring,Energy & Fuels, 27 (12), 7762-7771, 2013.
  13. Holtmeyer, M.L., Wang, S., and Axelbaum, R. “Considerations for decision-making on distributed power generation in rural areas.” Energy Policy, 63(0), 708-715, 2013.
  14. Qi, H., Zhao, B., Li, G.D., Li, S.Q., Dong, M., Axelbaum, R.L., and Yao, Q. “Comparisons of ash particle properties under air and oxy coal combustion in a 25 kw one-dimensional down fired furnace“, in Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, pp 1225-1231. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013.
  15. Zhang, X., Belharouak, I., Li, L., Lei, Y., Elam, J.W., Nie, A., Chen, X., Yassar, R.S., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2 cathode material using ALD,” Advanced Energy Materials, 3(10), 1299-1307, 2013.
  16. Li, G., Li, S., Dong, M., Yao, Q., Guo, C.Y., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Comparison of particulate formation and ash deposition under oxy-fuel and conventional pulverized coal combustions,” Fuel, 106(0), 544-551, 2013.
  17. Xia, F., Yablonsky, G.S., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Numerical study of flame structure and soot inception interpreted in carbon-to-oxygen atom ratio space,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(1), 1085-1091, 2013.
  18. Yi, F. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Stability of spray combustion for water/alcohols mixtures in oxygen-enriched air,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(1), 1697-1704, 2013.
  19. Lecoustre, V.R., Sunderland, P.B., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Modeled quenching limits of spherical hydrogen diffusion flames,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(1), 887-894, 2013.
  20. Xia, F. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Simplifying the complexity of diffusion flames through interpretation in C/O ratio space,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, (65)10, 1625-1632, 2013.
  21. Lecoustre, V.R., Sunderland, P.B., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Numerical investigation of spherical diffusion flames at their sooting limits,” Combustion and Flame, 159(1), 194-199, 2012.
  22. Zhang, X. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Spray pyrolysis synthesis of mesoporous lithium-nickel-manganese-oxides for high energy Li-Ion batteries,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159(6), A834-A842, 2012.
  23. Holtmeyer, M.L., Kumfer, B.M., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Effects of biomass particle size during cofiring under air-fired and oxyfuel conditions,” Applied Energy, 93 606-613, 2012.
  24. Zhang, X., Zheng, H., Battaglia, V., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Flame synthesis of 5 V spinel-LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode-materials for lithium-ion rechargeable-batteries,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 33(2), 1867-1874, 2011.
  25. Zhang, X., Zheng, H., Battaglia, V., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Electrochemical performance of spinel LiMn2O4 cathode materials made by flame-assisted spray technology,” Journal of Power Sources, 196(7), 3640-3645, 2011.
  26. Lecoustre, V.R., Sunderland, P.B., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Extremely weak hydrogen flames,” Combustion and Flame, 157(11), 2209-2210, 2010.
  27. Unrau, C.J. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Gas-phase synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes on catalysts producing high yield,” Carbon, 48(5), 1418-1424, 2010.
  28. Unrau, C.J., Axelbaum, R.L., and Lo, C.S. “High-yield growth of carbon nanotubes on composite Fe/Si/O nanoparticle catalysts: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics and experimental study,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(23), 10430-10435, 2010.
  29. Unrau, C., Axelbaum, R., and Fraundorf, P. “Single-walled carbon nanotube formation on iron oxide catalysts in diffusion flames,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12(6), 2125-2133, 2010.
  30. Skeen, S.A., Kumfer, B.M., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Nitric oxide emissions during coal and coal/biomass combustion under air-fired and oxy-fuel conditions,” Energy & Fuels, 24(8), 4144-4152, 2010.
  31. Unrau, C.J., Katta, V.R., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Characterization of diffusion flames for synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Combustion and Flame, 157(9), 1643-1648, 2010.
  32. Skeen, S.A., Yablonsky, G., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Characteristics of non-premixed oxygen-enhanced combustion: II. Flame structure effects on soot precursor kinetics resulting in soot-free flames,” Combustion and Flame, 157(9), 1745-1752, 2010.
  33. Nuetzel, J.A., Unrau, C.J., Indeck, R., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Flame synthesis of superparamagnetic Fe/Nb nanocomposites for biomedical applications,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 32(2), 1871-1877, 2009.
  34. Butler, M.S., Moran, C.W., Sunderland, P.B., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Limits for hydrogen leaks that can support stable flames,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(12), 5174-5182, 2009.
  35. Skeen, S.A., Yablonsky, G., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Characteristics of non-premixed oxygen-enhanced combustion: I. The presence of appreciable oxygen at the location of maximum temperature,” Combustion and Flame, 156(11), 2145-2152, 2009.
  36. Lim, K.B., Chao, B.H., Sunderland, P.B., and Axelbaum, R.L. “A theoretical study of spontaneous ignition of fuel jets in an oxidizing ambient with emphasis on hydrogen jets,” Combustion Theory and Modelling, 12(6), 1179-1196, 2008.
  37. Kumfer, B.M., Skeen, S.A., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Soot inception limits in laminar diffusion flames with application to oxy-fuel combustion,” Combustion and Flame, 154(3), 546-556, 2008.
  38. Unrau, C.J., Axelbaum, R.L., Biswas, P., and Fraundorf, P. “Synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes in oxy-fuel inverse diffusion flames with online diagnostics,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31(2), 1865-1872, 2007.
  39. Unrau, C.J., Axelbaum, R.L., Biswas, P., and Fraundorf, P. “Online size characterization of nanofibers and nanotubes”, in Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology: From Diamondoids to Nanoscale Materials and Applications,
  40. Santa, K.J., Chao, B.H., Sunderland, P.B., Urban, D.L., Stocker, D.P., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Radiative extinction of gaseous spherical diffusion flames in microgravity,” Combustion and Flame, 151(4), 665-675, 2007.
  41. Santa, K.J., Sun, Z., Chao, B.H., Sunderland, P.B., Axelbaum, R.L., Urban, D.L., and Stocker, D.P. “Numerical and experimental observations of spherical diffusion flames,” Combustion Theory and Modelling, 11(4), 639-652, 2007.
  42. Suriyawong, A., Gamble, M., Lee, M.H., Axelbaum, R., and Biswas, P. “Submicrometer particle formation and mercury speciation under O2-CO2 coal combustion,” Energy & Fuels, 20(6), 2357-2363, 2006.
  43. Kumfer, B.M., Skeen, S.A., Chen, R., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Measurement and analysis of soot inception limits of oxygen-enriched coflow flames,” Combustion and Flame, 147(3), 233-242, 2006.
  44. Barr, J.L., Axelbaum, R.L., and Macias, M.E. “Processing salt-encapsulated tantalum nanoparticles for high purity, ultra high surface area applications,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 8(1), 11-22, 2006.
  45. Chen, R. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Scalar dissipation rate at extinction and the effects of oxygen-enriched combustion,” Combustion and Flame, 142(1-2), 62-71, 2005.
  46. Liu, S., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “A theoretical study on soot inception in spherical burner-stabilized diffusion flames,” Combustion and Flame, 140(1-2), 1-23, 2005.
  47. Sunderland, P.B., Urban, D.L., Stocker, D.P., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Sooting limits of microgravity spherical diffusion flames in oxygen-enriched air and diluted fuel,” Combustion Science and Technology, 176(12), 2143-2164, 2004.
  48. Sun, Z., Axelbaum, R.L., and Huertas, J.I. “Monte Carlo simulation of multicomponent aerosols undergoing simultaneous coagulation and condensation,” Aerosol Science and Technology, 38(10), 963-971, 2004.
  49. Sun, Z., Axelbaum, R., and Davis, R. “A sectional model for investigating microcontamination in a rotating disk CVD reactor,” Aerosol Science & Technology, 38(12), 1161-1170, 2004.
  50. Sunderland, P.B., Axelbaum, R.L., Urban, D.L., Chao, B.H., and Liu, S. “Effects of structure and hydrodynamics on the sooting behavior of spherical microgravity diffusion flames,” Combustion and Flame, 132(1-2), 25-33, 2003.
  51. Sun, Z., Axelbaum, R.L., and Chao, B.H. “A multicomponent sectional model applied to flame synthesis of nanoparticles,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 29 1063-1069, 2002.
  52. Liu, S., Chao, B.H., and Axelbaum, R.L. “On combustion with condensed phase products: Applications to droplet burning of magnesium in carbon dioxide,” Combustion Science and Technology, 170 35-65, 2001.
  53. Rosen, L.J. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Suppression of cellular structure in slot-burner flames,” Combustion and Flame, 126(1-2), 1433-1444, 2001.
  54. Axelbaum, R. and Moore, J. “Microgravity combustion for materials synthesis “, in Microgravity combustion: fire in free fall, H.D. Ross, Editor. Academic Press San Diego 2001.
  55. Chao, B.H. and Axelbaum, R.L. “On by-product flames with implications towards emission of organics during waste incineration,” Combustion Science and Technology, 160 191-220, 2000.
  56. Axelbaum, R.L. “Synthesis of stable metal and non-oxide ceramic nanoparticles in sodium/halide flames,” Powder Metallurgy, 43(4), 323-325, 2000.
  57. Chao, B.H. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Triaxial Burke-Schumann flames with applications to flame synthesis,” Combustion Science and Technology, 156 291-314, 2000.
  58. Chao, B.H., Liu, S., and Axelbaum, R.L. “On soot inception in nonpremixed flames and the effects of flame structure,” Combustion Science and Technology, 138(1-6), 105-135, 1998.
  59. Axelbaum, R.L., DuFaux, D.P., Frey, C.A., and Sastry, S.M.L. “A flame process for synthesis of unagglomerated, low-oxygen nanoparticles: Application to Ti and TiB2,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 28(6), 1199-1211, 1997.
  60. Axelbaum, R.L., Huertas, J.I., Lottes, C.R., Hariprasad, S., and Sastry, S.M.L. “Nano-phase W and W-Ti composite via gas-phase combustion synthesis,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 11(6), 1043-1053, 1996.
  61. Steffens, K.L., Zachariah, M.R., DuFaux, D.P., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Optical and modeling studies of sodium/halide reactions for the formation of titanium and boron nanoparticles,” Chemistry of Materials, 8(8), 1871-1880, 1996.
  62. Axelbaum, R.L., DuFaux, D.P., Frey, C.A., Kelton, K.F., Lawton, S.A., Rosen, L.J., and Sastry, S.M.L. “Gas-phase combustion synthesis of titanium boride (TiB2) nanocrystallites,” Journal of Materials Research, 11(4), 948-954, 1996.
  63. Axelbaum, R.L., Lottes, C.R., Huertas, J.I., and Rosen, L.J. “Gas-phase combustion synthesis of aluminum nitride powder,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 26(2), 1891-1897, 1996.
  64. Du, J. and Axelbaum, R.L. “The effects of flame structure on extinction of CH4-O2-N2 diffusion flames,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 26(1), 1137-1142, 1996.
  65. Du, D.X., Axelbaum, R.L., and Law, C.K. “Soot formation in strained diffusion flames with gaseous additives,” Combustion and Flame, 102(1-2), 11-20, 1995.
  66. DuFaux, D.P. and Axelbaum, R.L. “Nanoscale unagglomerated nonoxide particles from a sodium coflow flame,” Combustion and Flame, 100(3), 350-358, 1995.
  67. Du, J. and Axelbaum, R.L. “The effect of flame structure on soot-particle inception in diffusion flames,” Combustion and Flame, 100(3), 367-375, 1995.
  68. Sung, C.J., Law, C.K., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Thermophoretic effects on seeding particles in LDV measurements of flames,” Combustion Science and Technology, 99(1-3), 119-132, 1994.
  69. Gutman, S., Axelbaum, R.L., and Sivashinsky, G.I. “On Bunsen burner polyhedral flames,” Combustion Science and Technology, 98(1-3), 57-70, 1994.
  70. Law, C.K., Sung, C.J., Yu, G., and Axelbaum, R.L. “On the structural sensitivity of purely strained planar flames to strain-rate variations,” Combustion and Flame, 98(1-2), 139-154, 1994.
  71. Axelbaum, R.L., Bates, S.E., Buhroi, W.E., Frey, C., Kelton, K.F., Lawton, S.A., Rosen, L.J., and Sastry, S.M. “Wet chemistry and combustion synthesis of nanoparticles of TiB2,” Nanostructured Materials, 2(2), 139-147, 1993.
  72. Gupta, A.K., Presser, G., and Axelbaum, R.L. (Eds), Proceedings of air toxic reduction and combustion modeling
  73. Im, H.G., Law, C.K., and Axelbaum, R.L. “Opening of the burke-schumann flame tip and the effects of curvature on diffusion flame extinction,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 23(1), 551-558, 1991.
  74. Du, D.X., Axelbaum, R.L., and Law, C.K. “The influence of carbon dioxide and oxygen as additives on soot formation in diffusion flames,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 23(1), 1501-1507, 1991.
  75. Axelbaum, R.L. and Law, C.K. “Soot formation and inert addition in diffusion flames,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 23(1), 1517-1523, 1990.
  76. Axelbaum, R.L., Flower, W.L., and Law, C.K. “Dilution and temperature effects of inert addition on soot formation in counterflow diffusion flames,” Combustion Science and Technology, 61(1-3), 51-73, 1988.
  77. Raabe, O.G., Braaten, D.A., Axelbaum, R.L., Teague, S.V., and Cahill, T.A. “Calibration studies of the DRUM impactor,” Journal of Aerosol Science, 19(2), 183-195, 1988.
  78. Axelbaum, R.L., Law, C.K., and Flower, W.L. “Preferential diffusion and concentration modification in sooting counterflow diffusion flames,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 22(1), 379-386, 1988.
  79. Du, D.X., Axelbaum, R.L., and Law, C.K. “Experiments on the sooting limits of aerodynamically-strained diffusion flames,” Symposium (International) on Combustion, 22(1), 387-394, 1988.
  80. Axelbaum, R.L., Flower, W.L., and Law, C.K. (Eds), Temperature and concentration effects of inert addition on soot formation in a counterflow diffusion flame
  81. Axelbaum, R.L. and Brandt, H. “The effect of substrate surface preparation on the optical-properties of a black chrome solar-absorber coating,” Solar Energy, 39(3), 233-241, 1987.
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